Scientists are saying that bananas could go extinct due to a kind of fast advancing fungal disease. Researchers from the University of California have observed three new types of fungal disease that could very well lead to the extinction of Bananas.
The research team had looked at a disease called Sigatoka which can be caused by three different types of fungi which are already reducing banana yields by close to 40% every year. This could prove to be a disaster for many farmers who depend on it for income. As one of the world's top five staple foods that are found in the market at a very low cost, this could also affect us very negatively.
These banana fungal diseases he becomes very virulent by increasing their ability to influence the bananas metabolic pathways and make use of its nutrients. The Sigatoka complex does not just shut down the plant's immune system but also adapts the metabolism of the fungi to the metabolism of the banana plant. So this means that the fungi can produce enzymes that can break down the cell walls and feed off the plant sugar and carbohydrates.